A use case identifies some actions that provide value to an actor; it generally does not describe an accumulation of features. For example, the “Enroll Student in Seminar” use case identifies how a college student interacts with the system to join up for a seminar. It doesn’t describe what the user interface appears like or how it operates.

You have other models to spell it out this important info, such as your user interface model as well as your supplementary specs. Object-oriented analysis is complex, which is why you have several models to work with, and you should properly apply each model. A use case is neither a class specification nor a data specification. This is the sort of information that should be captured from your conceptual model, which in the object world is modeled with a UML class model. You are likely to make reference to classes described in your conceptual model, for example, the “Enroll in Seminar” use case includes principles, such as students and workshops, both of which would be referred to by your conceptual model.

System use situations often refer to major interface (UI) elements, called boundary or interface items often, such as HTML reviews and pages. Use cases will sometimes refer to minor UI elements, such as buttons or data-entry fields, although this known degree of details is much less common. Use cases add a fair amount of information, information that can be documented in a common format easily. Common practice is to draw vertically inheritance and extend associations, with the inheriting/extending use case drawn below the parent/base use case.

Similarly, include organizations horizontally are usually attracted. Note that these are simple guidelines — rules that, when followed consistently, lead to diagrams that are easier to read. Your use cases should describe both how your actors interact with your system and how your system responds to people interactions. For instance, with the “Sign up for Seminar” use case, if the operational system does not react when the college student signifies they want to enroll in a seminar, the student would soon become discouraged and leave.

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Start with the happy route, the basic course of action — but remember the alternate programs as well. Alternate courses shall be introduced to describe potential utilization errors, as well as business logic errors and exceptions. This important information is needed to drive the design of one’s body, so do not forget to model it in your use cases.

I’m not quite sure what happened, but I’ve always thought the proper use of include, and extend associations, as well as uses and extends associations in older versions of the UML were described well never. As a total result, use-case modeling teams had a tendency to argue about the proper application of the associations, wasting an unbelievable amount of time on a fascinating, but minor, part of the overall modeling technique.